The language of Odia is written using the Kalinga script, which is a descendant of the Brahmi script of ancient India. The earliest known inscription in Odia written in this script dates from 1051. It is characterized by its curved appearance due to its use on palm leaves, which are prone to tearing if too many straight lines are used. It is a syllabic alphabet. Vowels are written as independent letters at the beginning of each syllable, and certain consonants are combined with special conjunct symbols.
The Bhanja Age, also known as the Riti Yuga, saw a new evolution in Odia literature. The eponymous Upendra Bhanja (1670-1720) was one of the foremost poets in this age, and his work inspired many imitators. Other notable writers during this period include Jagannatha Dasa, Balarama Dasa, and Yasovanta. The Panchasakha Age also produced notable religious works such as the Usabhilasa, and the Rahasya-manjari of Debadurlabha Dasa.
The 20th century saw the emergence of several prominent writers in Odia literature. The first printout of Odia literature occurred in 1836. bestnewshunt This period coincided with the development of Charya sahitya, or twilight language, in which Vajrayana Buddhist poets wrote in a distinctive style. Luipa, Tilopa, and Kanha were prominent poets of this period. In addition to their literary works, ragas, stanzas, and stanzas were also used in later literature.